Southerners Under Guard by the Prison-Bolts
and Walls of Fort Warren
Perhaps the Confederate prisoner with the shawl in this photograph feels
the Northern atmosphere somewhat uncongenial, but his companions are
evidently at ease. Not every man is a Mark Tapley who can "keep cheerful
under creditable circumstances." But where the prisoners were men of some
mentality they adopted many plans to mitigate the monotony. The Confederate
officers at Johnson's Island had debating societies, classes in French,
dancing, and music, and a miniature government. From left to right the men
standing, exclusive of the two corporals on guard, are C. W. Ringgold, F. U.
Benneau, S. DeForrest, J. T. Hespin, J. P. HambIeton, and M. A. Hardin; and
the four men seated are J. E. Frescott, N. C. Trobridge, Major S. Cabot, and
R. D. Crittenden.