Bellsouth vs. Donnelley
Burrow-Giles Lithographic Co. v. Sarony
Copyright Code—A Linked Index
Feist Publications vs.
versus Southern Building Code Congress International Inc.,
International v. Meredith Corporation
Trade-Mark Cases, 100
U.S. 82 (1879)
Constitution, Article 1, Section 8
Information on this site cannot
be considered legal advice. If you need legal advice on copyright, please
consult an attorney or refer to one or more of the sponsor links on the left
side of the page. Another place you might look is the US Copyright Office
The copyright information on
this site applies to U.S. Copyright, unless otherwise stated.
Is E-mail Copyrighted?
Yes! The only requirements for
a work to achieve copyrighted status are that it have originality and that
it be fixed in some tangible form.
As soon as the originator of
an e-mail message “sends”
it, the message is fixed.
Often it is saved, at least
temporarily, on the
originators hard drive and
on the receiver’s
The author of an e-mail message is the owner of the copyright for that message, unless it is created by the author as part of his job, in which case it would be owned by the employer.
This means, of course, that forwarding an e-mail message without the permission of the author may be copyright infringement, unless this use constitutes a fair use or the owner of the message has given permission. However, it’s not likely that anyone would bring a copyright suit over anything so valueless as e-mail.
Reference: page 14/9 Fishman, Stephen (attorney)
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